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Universal 3D (U3D) is a compressed file format standard for 3D computer graphics data.
The format was defined by a special consortium called 3D Industry Forum that brought together a diverse group of companies and organizations, including Intel, Boeing, HP, Adobe Systems, Bentley Systems, Right Hemisphere and others whose main focus had been the promotional development of 3D graphics for use in various industries, specifically at this time manufacturing as well as construction and industrial plant design. The format was later standardized by Ecma International in August 2005 as ECMA-363.
The goal is a universal standard for three-dimensional data of all kinds, to facilitate data exchange. The consortium promoted also the development of an open source library for facilitating the adoption of the format.
Parasolid file format is native for Parasolid geometrical kernel. Today it is widely used in a range of applications, including SolidWorks, SolidEdge, NX, Microstation, Ansys, Abaqus and others. Parasolid has two primary file extensions: .x_t, which is text based, and .x_b – binary-based format. Parasolid is also used to provide precise geometrical definitions of parts in JT files (as XT B-Rep data segments). CAD Exchanger can read files compliant with the entire range of Parasolid file format (schema) starting from v0.15 and up to version 32 (as of time of writing this page). Likewise, CAD Exchanger writes file compliant with all Parasolid schemas.