AutoCAD DXF (Drawing Interchange Format, or Drawing Exchange formal) is a CAD file format created by Autodesk for AutoCAD more compatible with other programs.
DXF was initially intended to represent exact copy of the data in the AutoCAD native format DWG (Drawing).
It can’t hurt if we mention that DXF coordinates come always without dimensions so the user needs to know the drawing unit or has to extract it from the textual comments in the sheets.
USD is a framework for interchange of 3D computer graphics data, created by Pixar. The framework focuses on collaboration, non-destructive editing, and enabling multiple views and opinions about graphics data.