Unity is a game engine made by Unity Technologies. It supports more than 25 different platforms. This engine is used mostly to design three-dimensional, two-dimensional, virtual reality, and augmented reality games. It has been adopted not only by video gaming industry, but also by film, automotive, architecture, engineering and construction.
Unity enables users to develop games and experiences both in 2D and 3D, and offers a primary scripting API in C#, as well as drag and drop functionality. Within 2D games, Unity provides importation of sprites and a 2D world renderer. For 3D games, it allows specification of texture compression, mipmaps, and resolution settings for each platform it supports. Also, it provides support for bump mapping, reflection mapping, parallax mapping, screen space ambient occlusion, dynamic shadowing, render-to-texture and full-screen post-processing effects.
X3D is ISO standard XML-based file format for representing 3D computer graphics. X3D features extensions to VRML (e.g. CAD, geospatial, humanoid animation, NURBS etc.), the ability to encode the scene using an XML syntax as well as the Open Inventor-like syntax of VRML97, or binary formatting, and enhanced application programming interfaces (APIs).
The X3D extension supports multi-stage and multi-texture rendering; it also supports shading with lightmap and normalmap. Starting in 2010, X3D has supported deferred rendering architecture. Now X3D can import SSAO, CSM and Realtime Environment Reflection/Lighting. The user can also use optimizations including BSP/QuadTree/OctTree or culling in the X3D scene.