Unity is a game engine made by Unity Technologies. It supports more than 25 different platforms. This engine is used mostly to design three-dimensional, two-dimensional, virtual reality, and augmented reality games. It has been adopted not only by video gaming industry, but also by film, automotive, architecture, engineering and construction.
Unity enables users to develop games and experiences both in 2D and 3D, and offers a primary scripting API in C#, as well as drag and drop functionality. Within 2D games, Unity provides importation of sprites and a 2D world renderer. For 3D games, it allows specification of texture compression, mipmaps, and resolution settings for each platform it supports. Also, it provides support for bump mapping, reflection mapping, parallax mapping, screen space ambient occlusion, dynamic shadowing, render-to-texture and full-screen post-processing effects.
VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language) was originally known before 1995 as the Virtual Reality Markup Language. It is a standard file format for representing 3-dimensional (3D) interactive vector graphics, designed particularly with the World Wide Web in mind.
VRML is a text file format where, e.g., vertices and edges for a 3D polygon can be specified along with the surface color, UV mapped textures, shininess, transparency, and so on. URLs can be associated with graphical components so that a web browser might fetch a webpage or a new VRML file from the Internet when the user clicks on the specific graphical component. Animations, sounds, lighting, and other aspects of the virtual world can interact with the user or may be triggered by external events such as timers. A special Script Node allows the addition of program code (e.g., written in Java or ECMAScript) to a VRML file.
VRML files are commonly called "worlds" and have the *.wrl extension (for example island.wrl). VRML files are in plain text and generally compress well using gzip, useful for transferring over the internet more quickly (some gzip compressed files use the *.wrz extension). Many 3D modeling programs can save objects and scenes in VRML format.