Universal 3D (U3D) is a compressed file format standard for 3D computer graphics data.
The format was defined by a special consortium called 3D Industry Forum that brought together a diverse group of companies and organizations, including Intel, Boeing, HP, Adobe Systems, Bentley Systems, Right Hemisphere and others whose main focus had been the promotional development of 3D graphics for use in various industries, specifically at this time manufacturing as well as construction and industrial plant design. The format was later standardized by Ecma International in August 2005 as ECMA-363.
The goal is a universal standard for three-dimensional data of all kinds, to facilitate data exchange. The consortium promoted also the development of an open source library for facilitating the adoption of the format.
3DS is one of the file format used by the Autodesk 3D modeling, animation and rendering software. It once was native for the old Autodesk 3D Studio DOS and eventually has grown to become a de facto industry standard for transferring models between 3D programs, or for storing models for 3D resource catalogs.
3DS is aimed at providing an import/export format, retaining only essential geometry, texture and lighting data.
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