DXF

AutoCAD DXF (Drawing Interchange Format, or Drawing Exchange formal) is a CAD file format created by Autodesk for AutoCAD more compatible with other programs.

DXF was initially intended to represent exact copy of the data in the AutoCAD native format DWG (Drawing).

It can’t hurt if we mention that DXF coordinates come always without dimensions so the user needs to know the drawing unit or has to extract it from the textual comments in the sheets.

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X3D

X3D is ISO standard XML-based file format for representing 3D computer graphics. X3D features extensions to VRML (e.g. CAD, geospatial, humanoid animation, NURBS etc.), the ability to encode the scene using an XML syntax as well as the Open Inventor-like syntax of VRML97, or binary formatting, and enhanced application programming interfaces (APIs).

The X3D extension supports multi-stage and multi-texture rendering; it also supports shading with lightmap and normalmap. Starting in 2010, X3D has supported deferred rendering architecture. Now X3D can import SSAO, CSM and Realtime Environment Reflection/Lighting. The user can also use optimizations including BSP/QuadTree/OctTree or culling in the X3D scene.

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