X3D is ISO standard XML-based file format for representing 3D computer graphics. X3D features extensions to VRML (e.g. CAD, geospatial, humanoid animation, NURBS etc.), the ability to encode the scene using an XML syntax as well as the Open Inventor-like syntax of VRML97, or binary formatting, and enhanced application programming interfaces (APIs).
The X3D extension supports multi-stage and multi-texture rendering; it also supports shading with lightmap and normalmap. Starting in 2010, X3D has supported deferred rendering architecture. Now X3D can import SSAO, CSM and Realtime Environment Reflection/Lighting. The user can also use optimizations including BSP/QuadTree/OctTree or culling in the X3D scene.
CATPart is a native format developed by Dassault Systems for storing parts of the assemblies created in CATIA V5 software suite, which is extensively used in mechanical engineering including aerospace, automotive, shipbuilding and other domains.
CATPart stores geometry, structure and metadata of 3D models dedicated to single parts. Multiple CATPART files can be combined into a CATProduct assembly file.
Among CAD applications that support CATPart extension are Autodesk Inventor, Fusion 360, and 3ds Max.
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